"The cities of the 21st century are where human destiny will be played out, and where the future of the biosphere will be determined." - Herbert Girardet
Architect, planner, and historian, Dr. Jyoti Hosagrahar established and held the UNESCO Chair at Srishti Institute from 2014-2016. In her interview with Shagun Singh of Designwala.org, she shares her thoughts on the need for more sensitive and inclusive approaches towards urban development in Indian cities.
The Master of Planning in Urban Design, Sustainability, and Conservation is one of the two postgraduate programs established under the UNESCO Chair in Culture, Habitat, and Sustainable Development at Srishti. The program is designed to deliver familiarity with international and national, norms and standards of heritage interpretation and management, based on the foundation of the World Heritage Convention. Furthermore, the courses will be driven towards exploring newer approaches for designing and sustaining the historic towns and centres, amidst the on-going urban development in Indian cities today.
From small neighbourhoods to large metropolitan centres, urban areas in India today are in a state of rapid growth and transformation. The drive for mass-urbanization and relentless efforts to globalise, are threatening to erode, diminish, and erase our own built and natural heritage, along with irreparable destruction to tangible and intangible cultural assets of the places. Through this program and its courses, the intention is to address questions about conserving the urban living heritage in the time and age of continual changes. How can the cultural understanding of a place and its heritage be integrated into urban development processes and policies? Can heritage interpretation be the means of enhancing sustainable practices in urban areas? How does one introduce more humanistic and sensitive concepts of development in creating a sustainable city?
A deeper understanding and engagement with the cultural heritage, natural environments and ecologies of particular locales will lead to innovative, inclusive and sustainable strategies to protect heritage values in the design of urban landscapes. Thus, this program is curated towards continuous engagement with the knowledge and skills to analyse the urban areas around historic places, as spatial structures, social networks, cultural landscapes, and service systems. Theoretical and practical courses will be offered, to facilitate response-building, critical-thinking and interpreting natural and cultural identities of the places of study. Thereby, the program invites passionate and enthusiastic individuals to engage with cities in a multidisciplinary way and propose local solutions to global issues, in their overarching endeavour to protect the heritage sites. The program intends to mentor new age creative professionals who will redefine the practice of city-planning, informed by ideas of cultural and economic sustenance, social cohesion, resilience, inclusivity and equity.
The pedagogy of this program will have constant overlaps and intersections with its complementing postgraduate program under the UNESCO Chair namely, Master of Design in Heritage Design, Planning and Management. Both these programs are structured around the issues of heritage preservation and conservation, arising from the vision and mandate of the chair. The immediate focus areas of intervention for the academic year 2017-19 will be Hoysala Region, Deccani Region, Western Ghats, Coastal Karnataka and Bengaluru Metropolitan. These places will only act as living labs for the purpose of portfolio building, not limiting the holistic learning in the areas of urban design for conservation and sustainability of similar contexts in the future. This program will be a part of a much larger, interdisciplinary community at the School of Law, Environment and Planning at Srishti.
Image shows the mapping and representation of surrounding areas around the selected site in Bidar old town by Pallavi Paul, during the disciplinary project study titled ‘Inherited Urbanism’ led by Shreyas Srivatsa.
- Cultural and natural heritage are valuable non-renewable resources
- Cultural and natural heritage make places more livable. Cultural and natural heritage form the identity of a place
- Design and planning to respond to local context is more sustainable
- Studios encourage active, contextual learning where students develop core disciplinary skills and knowledge. Studios facilitate collaborative and creative design solutions to complex, open-ended problems
- Workshops provide intense learning experiences in making and doing, across the different disciplines.
- Internship with an industry or a design studio is compulsory for students at the end of 1st year for M.Plan. students
- Self Initiated Project is an end of the semester challenge that allows the student to engage in research / enquiry or design based projects. Students begin by writing their project proposal and defining the scope of their project and they are mentored by faculty / design professionals.
- Electives are liberal arts courses aimed to cultivate intellectual and reflective abilities in students and motivate them to probe deeper and approach their design process in a holistic manner.
- Capstone Project is the culmination of the research, capabilities and knowledge gained over the last three semesters. Students are required to submit their design output and a mandated thesis document. Students are mentored during this final project and go through seminars to get feedback from faculty and peer groups
Student in a course on mapping places using GIS, course facilitators – HS Sudhira and Shweta Dange, Course: Making Places.
On successful completion of the course, graduates will have a specialization in urban design and planning that is culturally and environmentally sustainable Further, students would acquire the following capabilities:
Knowledge and Understanding:
- Conceptual clarity around what is urban sustainability, cultural heritage and natural environment and why heritage contributes to better urban environments
- An understanding of key international norms and standards around protection and management of cultural and natural heritage
- Familiarity with professional writing such as grants proposals and reports
- GIS and spatial data survey and mapping; 3-D visualization
- Specific heritage related skills such as inventorying and assessment of threats, mapping, and community study
- Understanding of how to design and plan places at different urban scales while also nurturing and protecting heritage.
- Ability to plan and design in a participatory with as part of a multidisciplinary group and with local community.
The M.Plan. in Urban Design and Sustainability would open up the following opportunities to successful graduates:
- Enhanced employment opportunities with specialization and refinement in heritage compatible design, urban design, and sustainability design in a variety of creative professional practices such as planning, urban design, architecture, landscape architecture, and housing design.
- Employment in research and development organizations, NGOs & social enterprises working in any field of built environment, cities, heritage, sustainability and resilience.
- Employment with museums and galleries
- Become a design and planning entrepreneur
- Become an academic in a design program
Course Leader: Ishita Shah
For further information, kindly email Ishita Shah at firstname.lastname@example.org
The M.Plan. in Urban Design, Sustainability, and Conservation is informed by the following learning disciplines:
International delegates presenting and in conversation during the ICOMOS Conference 2015: “Conserving Living Urban Heritage: Theoretical Considerations of Continuity and Change”, organised by the UNESCO Chair at Srishti in Bengaluru.
Research and Collaboration
Students have opportunities to work within the academic structures and/or work across the following centers and labs:
Srishti students visiting the threatened natural landscapes in and around Hesaraghatta Lake, as a part of their art and design studios, led by Naini Arora and Ishita Shah respectively.